Context FunctionsΒΆ

It should be clear by this point that the ability to use a general context as the namespace when executing code permits some complex behaviors to be implemented simply. There are circumstances where it would be useful to replace the namespace of a function with a context. The context_function module provides some tools for doing this.

This example shows how to set up a simple listening data context that displays changes within a function’s local namespace as it executes:

from traits.api import HasTraits, on_trait_change
from codetools.contexts.api import DataContext, context_function

class ListeningDataContext(DataContext):
    """ A simple subclass of DataContext which listens for items_modified
    events and pretty-prints them."""

    def print_event(self, event):
        print "Event: items_modified"
        for added in event.added:
            print "  Added:", added, "=", repr(self[added])
        for modified in event.modified:
            print "  Modified:", modified, "=", repr(self[modified])
        for removed in event.removed:
            print "  Removed:", removed

def f(x, t=3):
    """ A function which fires add, modify and delete events. """
    y = x+2
    y += 1
    z = '12'
    del z
    return y

f = context_function(f, ListeningDataContext)

The functionality is also available as a function decorator:

def f(x, t=3):
    """ A function which will fire add, modify and delete events. """
    y = x+2
    y += 1
    z = '12'
    del z
    return y

The context_function() and local_context() functions both take an argument which is a context factory: each invocation of the function results in a call to the context factory. In most cases it returns a freshly created context.

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